Trap-Neuter-Return (TNR) saves lives
Trap-Neuter-Return (TNR), the humane approach to addressing community cat populations, works. It saves cats’ lives and is effective. TNR improves the lives of cats, addresses community concerns, reduces complaints about cats, and stops the breeding cycle). TNR improves the co-existence between outdoor cats and humans in our shared environment. This is why so many cities are adopting it.
Scientific studies and communities with TNR programs are proof that TNR reduces and stabilizes populations of community cats. Alley Cat Allies was formed in 1990 to bring TNR—which was already successful in the UK—to the U.S. We launched a national movement with our educational materials, regional workshops, mobilization of advocates, and re-writing of laws. As a result of this hard work, TNR has become mainstream.
For cats and for communities: TNR works.
- Why Trap-Neuter-Return: The Case for TNR
- Trap-Neuter-Return Effectively Stabilizes and Reduces Feral Cat Populations
- Key Scientific Studies on Trap-Neuter-Return
What is Trap-Neuter-Return?
In a Trap-Neuter-Return program, community cats are humanely trapped (with box traps), brought to a veterinarian to be spayed or neutered, vaccinated, eartipped (the universal sign that a cat has been neutered and vaccinated), and then returned to their outdoor home.
- Spay/Neuter: Good for Cats, Good for Communities
- Feral Cat Health Analysis: Living Healthy Lives Outdoors
- Feral Cats and the Public: A Healthy Relationship
Bring Trap-Neuter-Return to Your Community
Alley Cat Allies can show you the way. We were the first U.S. organization to have guidelines for TNR. We set the standards and published them. We created a step-by-step, how-to process for TNR programs geared for caregivers, volunteers, veterinarians, and advocates. We can help you advocate for TNR policies and ordinances that will save cats’ lives.
- How to Conduct Trap-Neuter-Return
- Trap-Neuter-Return Ordinances
- How to Implement an Organizational Trap-Neuter-Return Program
- Resources for Shelters
For more than a century, the American shelter and animal control system has been relying on catching and killing outdoor cats to control their population. This approach continues to fail, and the number of outdoor cats increases despite the fact that millions of vibrant, healthy outdoor cats are killed each year. Taxpayer money that funds shelters and animal control agencies is wasted on an endless cycle of trapping and killing. Increasingly, the public believes that the money spent on killing could and should be re-allocated to programs that help animals.
With catch and kill policies, vaccinated and neutered cats are removed from an area. But that only creates a vacuum in the environment, where new cats move in to take advantage of available resources. The new cats breed and the cat population grows. Catch and kill policies aren’t just cruel and ineffective, they go against what the public really wants: humane approaches to cats.
TNR balances the needs and concerns of the human communities in which many feral cats live. People don’t want cats rounded up and killed. They want to see cat populations stabilized and appreciate when the mating behaviors of cats are brought into check through spaying and neutering. With TNR, adult cats—spayed or neutered, vaccinated, and eartipped—are returned to the colony to live out their lives in their outdoor home.
Alley Cat Allies started in 1990 with a colony of 54 cats living in an alley in northwest Washington, D.C. Caregivers and new volunteers implemented TNR, and the benefits were clear. Over time, the colony declined naturally and humanely. The cats were welcomed in the neighborhood and cared for by many of the residents.
Trap-Neuter-Return Case Studies:
- Alley Cat Allies Establishes Trap-Neuter-Return Program on Atlantic City’s Boardwalk; Boardwalk Cats Project is Born
- Alley Cat Allies Leads Coalition to Support Trap-Neuter-Return in Baltimore
- Alley Cat Allies Helps Washington, D.C. Establish Humane Cat Programs
What’s next for TNR?
TNR is about more than saving today’s cats: it is the future of animal control and sheltering. Every year, more and more shelters are adopting TNR (or Shelter-Neuter-Return) programs to save more cats and improve their communities. Join Alley Cat Allies and help us spread the word. You can bring TNR to your community too!
- Advocate for Humane Policies for Cats in your Community
- Trap-Neuter-Return Ordinances and Policies in the United States: The Future of Animal Control
See Trap-Neuter-Return in action:
- Learning How to Trap Cats Samoan Style: Trapped in Paradise Day 1
- Samoans Show Support for Community Cats: Trapped in Paradise Days 2-3
- Innovation Leads to Success in American Samoa: Trapped in Paradise Days 4-5
- Creating a Lasting Impact for Cats in American Samoa: Trapped in Paradise Day 6
- Alley Cat Allies’ Partnership With Rude Ranch Enables TNR Pilot Program In Anne Arundel County
- We’re Helping Outdoor Cats Doorhanger
- Please Don’t Call Animal Control Doorhanger
- Sample Community Relations Materials
- Conflict Resolution—How to Organize Quickly to Protect Community Cats
- Atrapar-esterilizar-soltar para los gatos perdidos y callejeros: Información básica